In this pilot study, 11 international students studying in the Capital District region of upstate New York completed the Parental Authority Questionnaire (Sensese, Bornstein, Haynes, Rossi, and Venuti, 2012) and two also completed the Parenting Style Questionnaire (Robinson, Mandleeco, Olsen, & Hart, 1995) in an attempt to validate these instruments for diverse cultures. All participants contributed to focus group discussions of parenting attitudes and practices in their home countries to refine the focus group methodology. Two participants from Uzbekistan were interviewed individually to explore parental attitudes and practices that may relate to that country’s ongoing reliance on forced child labor during the annual cotton harvest. Results indicated that the questionnaires did not appear to be valid for international participants. The focus groups, however, provided rich and detailed responses about cultural differences in parenting practices and attitudes, although better recording procedures were needed. Interviews of the two Uzbek nationals provided tentative confirmation of the Eriksonian (1950) assertion that economic and cultural imperatives drive (and are reciprocally shaped by) parenting practices and attitudes, as evidenced by changing Uzbek attitudes toward the use of child labor during the annual cotton harvest as modernization occurs.
Crowley, K. (2016). Understanding Uzbek child rearing as a mediating factor in the government’s reliance on child forced labor during the annual cotton harvest: A pilot project. In C. Roland-Lévy, P. Denoux, B. Voyer, P. Boski, & W. K. Gabrenya Jr. (Eds.), Unity, diversity and culture. Proceedings from the 22nd Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology. https://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/iaccp_papers/176