Javanese culture (one of the cultural groups in Indonesia) emphasizes the importance of social norms and social consequences as a control to social behavior. The aim of this research is to study the dimension of restraint in the behavior and psychological dynamics of Javanese late adolescents, who live at two orphanages in Central Java. The participants are 40 male adolescents in the care of two public orphanage houses, with the age range between 12 to 19 years. The method used in data retrieval is qualitative, that is through observation, interviews, and drawing test. The results showed that the behavior and psychological dynamics that occur on the individual self between those two orphanages are quite similar. Participants in both orphanage houses tend to control ways to express their feelings. They also present themselves as calm, tight in norms, and under control. Additionally, showing control of emotions and being not easily surprised is also important. These observations may represent the characteristics of Javanese culture as have been found in previous research, namely, the tendency to be restrained in the Indulgence Versus Restraint dimensions (Hofstede, Hofstede, & Minkov, 2010).
Risnawaty, W., Tiatri, S., Jap, T., & Monika, S. (2014). Could the profile of orphans represent the Javanese position in the indulgence versus restraint culture dimension? In L. T. B. Jackson, D. Meiring, F. J. R. Van de Vijver, E. S. Idemoudia, & W. K. Gabrenya Jr. (Eds.), Toward sustainable development through nurturing diversity: Proceedings from the 21st International Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology. https://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/iaccp_papers/126/