The United States has been a global superpower for over a century now and that first place title also extends to Hollywood. Since WWI the Hollywood system has controlled the global film market by exporting their films all over the world. These American films took profits from many national cinemas but they have also influenced filmmakers worldwide to do some spectacular things; especially in countries like Chile. The story of Chile’s film industry shares a lot of similarities with European filmmaking. There seems to be a common theme of countries failing to beat American import films, then resisting the commercial cinema with ‘Second Cinema’ or ‘Third Cinema’ (Crofts 45-47), and finally modernizing and imitating Hollywood style production practices for profit. Chilean cinema followed in the footsteps of many other film movements to compete with Hollywood by using films to establish its own national identity, by having a new wave film renaissance, and eventually attempting commercial film production.



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