Author Bio

Susan L. Adkins has been teaching for 5 years and is currently teaching fourth-grade students at Jamieson Elementary School in the Detroit Public School System. Recently she earned her master of education degree from the University of Michigan with a specialization in reading. Susan is a member of both the International Reading Association and the Michigan Reading Association.

Nancy L. Douglas is an assistant professor of reading and language arts at the University of Michigan at Dearborn, where she coordinates the Reading Specialist Program. She has 15 years of experience teaching in the second through ninth grades. Her experience teaching in higher education includes 4 years at the community college level and 3 years at the university level teaching undergraduate and graduate students. She is an active member of the International Reading Association.


Dear MRJ Author(s): The MRA Board has approved the release of this article in open access format. If you have questions about your content in the MRJ archives, please contact mrj@cmich.edu and we will respond to your concerns.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.