Key Points

· Stakeholder engagement is important in philanthropy because it allows grantmakers and grantees to pool their respective resources more effectively to address their shared target issues.

· As more and more foundations and other grantmaking entities venture into the expansive world of self-evaluation, it is prudent that these methods be examined in light of international funding relationships.

· In order to better understand how these tools and methods can be used internationally, we outline the opportunities presented when using frames as one basis for decision-making in complex situations.

· Using the hypothetical case of a U.S. funder seeking to understand grantee perception in East Africa, we present a matrix of considerations and questions that allow grantmakers to account for the local reality of grantee perceptions.

· By actively engaging all stakeholders involved in the process, international grantmakers can begin to adapt these tools to meet their cross-cultural needs, while limiting bias and unexamined counterproductive assumptions.

Open Access