Author Bio

Dr. David Bates is Assistant Professor of History at Concordia University Chicago. His first book, The Ordeal of the Jungle: Race and the Chicago Federation of Labor, 1903-1922, was published by Southern Illinois University Press in June 2019. He can be reached at david.bates@cuchicago.edu.


Dear MRJ Author(s): The MRA Board has approved the release of this article in open access format. If you have questions about your content in the MRJ archives, please contact mrj@cmich.edu and we will respond to your concerns.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.